Allow CNP Laboratory to go through the journey of healthy skin with you today – identify your skin type to know which products suit you best!
Understanding Your Skin
The human skin goes through a series of changes throughout our life cycle, most of the time we are born with normal skin that has little or no issues. Every ten years our skin changes, and when the time comes our skin tends to act out in different ways such as a persistent breakout, itching, or becoming easily irritated to certain ingredients. This does not mean that the products we have been using have become poorer in quality, instead it’s a simple indicator that we have sadly, grown out of that specific range of products under a brand that we swore by all these time. A little understanding to how our skin behaves goes a long way to help achieve healthy skin and at the same time allow us to age gracefully with the brands we love. Read more to find out more about the various differences between acne-prone, oily, combination, dehydrated, dry, and matured skin!
How do I know if I have acne-prone skin?
Getting one or two pimples every now and then is normal throughout our life cycle, sometimes a small amount of breakout when using a new product can also be an indicator of the skin getting used to certain ingredients and this does not mean that you are acne-prone. Individuals with multiple pimples occurring on their cheeks and forehead on the other hand fall under the acne-prone group, they are not generally restricted to an age group but can be easily identified first from either having oily skin, or easily clogged pores.
Recommended Products: Acne/ Pores
What should acne-prone skin types look out for?
Acne-prone oily skin types are recommended to use products containing BHA (Beta-Hydroxy Acids) such as Salicylic Acids or Papaya Enzyme (Papain) to help the skin exfoliate and relieve sebum build-up while at the same time treating acne. When first introducing the skin to Salicylic Acids, acne-prone skin types may see more pimples surfacing in the first few days, this is natural as the skin is purging.
I have occasional acne occurring every now and then, can I use products with Salicylic Acids?
If one does not fall under the acne-prone group, he/she should avoid using the products containing Salicylic Acids as the skin may get used to or adapt to the ingredient and when the real breakout occurs, it may become even harder to treat and care for. Take note that BHA is also generally recommended for oily skin types. The A-Clean Series is designed for treating acne problems in acne-prone skin types, once acne is treated and lessened, you may start introducing the skin to products suitable for oily skin types. You may also consider acne treatment products for time-to-time occurring blemishes to keep your skin in check.
Recommended Products: Targeted Treatment
How do I know if I have oily skin?
Oily skin types tend to be individuals who fall under the age groups of 15 – 25 years old, excessive oil shine occurs on almost every part of the face. In most scenario the oil glands on the face are simply naturally more active but in general well hydrated. Another method to identify oily skin is when you also have an oily scalp as the scalp and facial skin are largely similar.
Recommended Products: Oily/ Combination
What should oily skin types look out for?
Mattifying products are commonly used by oily skin types to counter the excess oil production, hence gentle exfoliation is recommended so that there are less instances for dead skin to build up and result in clogged pores, which then lead to acne occurrence.
While oily skin types tend to rely on drying cleansers or clay masks to strip the skin of excess oil, take extra care not to do so too often as it may result in dehydrated skin. If your skin feels tight after using a foaming cleanser, you might instead belong to the dehydrated skin or combination skin type.
Products suitable for Oily Skin
Do I really need to exfoliate?
Our skin is made up of multiple layers – like an onion, the outer layer roughens and dries up, resulting in dull-looking complexion. This outer layer of skin supposedly sheds naturally, allowing the skin to renew itself every 28 days. The skin also produces sebum and other by-products which cleansing helps to remove. However, where the skin does not shed naturally, our pores are then clogged with sebum and dirt, resulting in blackheads and in the worst case, acne. Helping the skin to exfoliate results in cleaner skin and at the same time promotes cellular growth in newer layers of skin which as time goes by also reduces the appearance of scars, which is also the reason why the scars we had as a child tend to slowly fade and disappear as we grow into adulthood.
Recommended Products: Pigmentation
What is PHA (Polyhydroxy Acids)? Is it harmful?
Polyhydroxy Acids or PHA are a class of acids that help exfoliate the skin. This ingredient is also easier to use as it does not require any form of physical action unlike facial scrubs and environmentally-unfriendly exfoliating beads which may damage new layers of skin cells resulting in uneven skin tone and unhealthy cellular growth. Unlike Alpha-Hydroxy Acids (AHA) and Beta-Hydroxy Acids (BHA) which are specifically suitable for dry skin types and oily skin types, PHA are suitable for all skin types. The larger molecular structure of PHA also prevents it from causing sensitive skin issues, a common occurrence for those who frequently use AHA. This means that products that help exfoliate the skin using the principles of PHA help skin shed and renew in the safest and most natural ways.
Products suitable for Exfoliation
How do I know if I have combination skin?
Combination skin types tend to be the phase transitioning from oily skin to dry skin. During any periods between 25 – 35 years old, you will observe excessive oil production in the T-Zone, which is the area covering your forehead and nose, as well as insufficient oil production in the U-Zone, which is the area from the left cheek to the chin followed by the right cheek in a U-shape. After using a cleanser or clay mask formulated for oily skin, the unprotected U-Zone will feel tight and uncomfortable. This is a warning signal from the skin that tells you that the product you are currently using has not only stripped away the natural oils but also whatever remaining moisture within.
Recommended Products: Oily/ Combination
What should combination skin types look out for?
As combination skin types have two different areas of skin to look out for, avoid using drying facial cleansers for oily skin that are formulated to strip away excess sebum and oil, as the cleanser can strip away the moisture in the dry U-zone which has little or no protection or moisture retention capabilities due to the lack of oil production. The skin requires a natural balance of oils: water ratio to thrive and grow healthily. Instead, opt for gel cleansers and hydrating moisturizers that come with a jelly-like or gel texture.
Products suitable for Combination Skin
How do I know if I have dehydrated skin?
Normal skin types produce a well-balanced ratio of water: oil, allowing the skin the retain water naturally without losing moisture which in turns signals to the skin that there is no requirement for producing more oil to retain moisture. In dehydrated skin types, the skin lacks so much moisture that it panics and produces more oil as a form of coping mechanism to retain whatever moisture remaining in the skin.
Recommended Products: Dehydrated
What should dehydrated skin types look out for?
Avoid mattifying the skin or constantly stripping the skin of excess oil. While focusing on providing the skin with hydrating and water-binding ingredients such as Hyaluronic Acids, avoid using only oil-free products. Instead look out for lightweight moisturizers with a slightly greasy feel. This not only helps to lock in moisture during the skin preparation phase but also coaxes the skin to feel more assured and produce less oil.
Products suitable for Dehydrated Skin
How do I know if I have dry skin?
Not to be confused with dehydrated skin types, dry skin types refer to individual with skin that lack the ability to produce oil naturally which results in the skin incapability to retain moisture naturally. Dry skin types are observed to have flaky skin or prominent fine lines. When the basic foundations of the skin have weakened and loses the ability to hold, the skin ages at a much faster rate.
Recommended Products: Dry/ Ageing
What should dry skin types look out for?
Care for dry skin types is largely similar to caring for dehydrated skin, except that more oil-based and heavy-duty products are involved. Matured skin and ageing products are often designed to cater for dry skin, usually from the age of 35 and above the skin stops producing oil and ceramides naturally and begins to age. The individual with dry skin types can slow down the process of ageing by supplementing the skin with these ingredients.
How do I know if I have matured skin?
Similar to dry skin, matured skin commonly has the inability to produce natural facial oils to retain moisture and ceramides to maintain the skin’s barrier. When the skin is weakened it is more easily penetrated and further damaged by the sun. Age spots are one prominent sign of matured skin as melanin production is more proactive due to weakened skin barriers allowing the sun to penetrate deeper into the skin.
Recommended Products: Dry/ Ageing
What should matured skin look out for?
As the skin is already weak, matured skin types should focus on strengthening the skin’s barrier and natural defences and also pay more attention to sun protection. Ultraviolet (UV) Rays from the sun come in different spectrum, and despite being indoors we still risk exposure to UV rays. Should age spots have already started forming, ingredients such as Glutathione, Niacinamide (Vitamin B3), and Ascorbyl Phosphate (Vitamin C) can help inhibit further melanin production.
Do I really have sensitive skin?
Most individuals tend to mistake acne-prone skin for sensitive skin. However, sensitive skin is more commonly defined by redness, tightness and a burning sensation from specific ingredients that may be too harsh for the skin. Sensitive skin is more considered a skin concern than a skin type definition as there are instances of Sensitive Oily Skin as well as Sensitive Dry Skin. Identifying your skin type helps narrow down the chances of sensitivity reaction and also helps contribute to identifying the right products for you.
Men’s skin VS Women’s skin
Is there a difference between men’s skin and women’s skin?
Yes, men’s skin is genetically thicker and more active in sebaceous activity than women, resulting in oilier and much persistent acne pathogenesis. Men as compared to women also have a higher collagen density. In other words, men require more focus on care for oily/ dehydrated skin concerns rather than ageing and firming.
Recommended Products: Homme Lab